The list and information below are the product of a number of years research to locate the indigenous apple varieties of Gloucestershire. All varieties listed here have either been found growing in Gloucestershire, are unrecorded in literature and are thought to be indigenous varieties, or are recorded in literature as Gloucestershire varieties.
For information about which varieties are in the Gloucestershire Collection (currently being established at our Longney Orchards) please contact us.
To return to our Apple Varieties main page click here.
Status codes and notes on names
- Not endangered – more than 20 sites currently known
- Endangered, 10 to 20 sites
- Critical, 10 sites or fewer
‘French’ is the local expression for bittersweet cider varieties. In Herefordshire, the equivalent term is ‘norman’, in Somerset ‘jersey’.
‘Styre’ is considered a Gloucestershire term from the Anglo Saxon meaning ‘lively’.
A dessert variety from Ampney Crucis where it is well known to older villagers. It hasn’t spread far from its place of origin.
|Ancell (synonym for Ansell)|
An old cider variety from the Oldbury-on-Severn district
A general purpose variety from the village of its name. The last tree in Arlingham died in the late 1990’s
|Aschmead’s Saemling (synonym for Ashmead’s Kernel)|
|Aschmead’s Seedling (synonym for Ashmead’s Kernel)|
An excellent dessert apple. Gloucestershire’s most famous apple started in 1700 but not recognised much outside the county for nearly 300 years after its birth.
|Ashmead’s Saemling (synonym for Ashmead’s Kernel)|
|Ashmead’s Samling (synonym for Ashmead’s Kernel)|
|Ashmead’s Seedling (synonym for Ashmead’s Kernel)|
A cider apple from Shepperdine but known from elsewhere in the county.
(synonym for Ballast Apple)
A dessert variety possibly originating at the `Ring o’Bells’ Inn mentioned in Dickens’s Pickwick Papers.
A curiously named general purpose apple from Minsterworth
This once well regarded dessert apple was thought to be extinct until located and rescued for the Gloucestershire Apple Collection.
(synonym for Shepperdine Silt)
A general purpose variety from Minsterworth which lives up to its name.
A general purpose variety believed to have originated at Box Farm, Awre. It is still well regarded in Awre to-day but hasn’t spread
much from the village.
|Broomsberrow Crab (synonym for Bromsberrow Crab)|
|Broomsberry Crab (synonym for Bromsberrow Crab)|
A rare bittersweet cider variety from the slopes of May Hill.
|Bullock’s Favourite (synonym for Casey’s Kernel)|
A pretty little cider apple which grows in bunches from the Vale of Berkeley. There is also a variety known as Bunch Apple which is a synonym of Jelly, but this is not the same variety.
|Bunch Apple (synonym for Jelly)|
A rare bittersweet cider variety from Minsterworth.
A general purpose variety from the village of its name south of Gloucester. Queening implies it is angular from the French `coin’
|Cambridge Quinning (synonym for Cambridge Queening)|
|Captain Nurse (synonym for Captain Kernel)|
|Carrion Apple (synonym for Kempley Red)|
|Case’s Kernel (synonym for Casey’s Kernel)|
A beautiful dessert apple from the village of its name
A 19th Century general purpose apple from the village of its name. Best known for cider production.
|Chezley Kernel (synonym for Chaceley Kernel)|
Started at Corse Hill Farm in the 19th Century. General purpose but best known for cider. Widely spread in Gloucestershire.
|Corset Hill (synonym for Corse Hill)|
|Cosset Hills (synonym for Corse Hill)|
An old cider variety from the Berkeley district
|Counsellor (synonym for Councillor)|
|Cow Apple (synonym for Taynton Codlin)|
|Croome Kernel (synonym for Severn Bank)|
|Dafferton (synonym for Berkeley Pippin)|
A general purpose variety from Minsterworth. Nothing is known of its
|Dobb’s Kernel Golden Pippin||Unknown||Unknown||Unknown|
|Doctor Ashmead’s Kernel (synonym for Ashmead’s Kernel)|
|Dr. Ashmead’s Kernel (synonym for Ashmead’s Kernel)|
|Duni Red (possibly a separate variety) (synonym for Chaxhill Red)|
A very old vintage cider variety from the village of its name. Also useful for dessert and culinary purposes.
|Dymock White Bache||Unknown||Unknown||Unknown|
Started 1948 at Falfield. A dessert variety, it is also known as Fon’s Spring.
From the village of its name. A dessert variety still to be found in
its home area.
A general purpose variety found in Ruardean.
Started in the 19th Century at Dymock by the Fawke family. Well known in Dymock until recently. General purpose.
A cider variety, possible very local to Shepperdine.
|Flower of the West
A keeping dessert from Minsterworth where it was well known. Unrecorded outside its area.
A classic old cider variety whose fame and use has spread into Herefordshire.
|French Old Boy||Unknown||Unknown||Unknown|
|Gilliflower of Gloucester
Collected in Saul. A beautiful dessert variety of poor quality. Its appeal may just lie in its appearance and name.
A dessert variety raised at Dursley in about 1930.
An old variety. General purpose. There is much argument about the classification of the various costards. `Costard’ comes from the costermongers who would sell these apples.
A much loved and previously widespread general purpose variety. Curiously in the 1880s it was hardly known.
|Green Two Year Old
A general purpose variety so-named because it was reputed to keep a long time – but not 2 years!
One of the family of `underleaves’. General purpose
A distinctive bittersharp cider variety from Oldbury-on-Severn.
A highly regarded vintage cider variety possibly started as early as 1620 in the hamlet of its name near Awre. Years ago its cider could be `exchanged barrel for barrel for spiritous liquor’. Also a good cooking apple.
A general purpose variety from Oxenton. The apple is indeed hard especially when it falls on your head!
A cider variety from Rodley. How it earned its disparaging name is a mystery.
A general purpose variety from the Berkeley district.
|Hunt’s Duke of Gloucester
An excellent little dessert apple. Said to have been grown from a seed of the old Nonpareil which is now lost.
|Jackets and Waistcoats||Unknown||Unknown||Ashleworth|
A dessert variety. Jenny Lind was a famous Swedish opera singer who died locally in 1887.
A cider variety from Halmore near Berkeley. It was planted to make
cider for the Apple Tree cider house at Halmore.
A general purpose variety. Another member of the `underleaf’ family.
An old variety from the Oldbury-on-Severn district. A hard cider variety which was reputed to have killed a boy.
A general purpose variety from Bollow near Westbury-on-Severn.
|Lassington (synonym for Severn Bank)|
An ancient general purpose variety mentioned by Shakespeare. The example in the Gloucestershire Apple Collection is no longer believed to be true, so this is now believed to be lost.
|Leatherjacket (synonym for Leathercoat)|
|Lemon Pippin of Gloucestershire
A pleasant eating apple widely known in Gloucestershire.
A curiously named general purpose variety from Minsterworth.
A quality dessert apple raised in 1808 by Mr Cook of Lodgemore, Stroud.
An old general purpose variety from the village of its name. Mentioned in 18th Century literature.
A local cider variety from both sides of the river at Minsterworth.
A dessert variety first recorded in 1953 but believed to be older.
|Maurice’s Pippin (synonym for Morris’s Pippin)|
|Middle Hill Brandy||Unknown||Unknown||Unknown|
A general purpose variety from Oldbury-on-Severn
A general purpose variety discovered at Minsterworth. It is prone to producing twin or even triplet apples with one stem and extra eyes.
A general purpose variety recorded from Gloucestershire in the early 19th Century. Its name refers to its sides which form squares.
|Nine of Diamonds
A cider variety. Curiously named as it has 10 red spots in the flesh and not 9 as may be expected.
A general purpose variety from the lower Berkeley Vale.
A dessert variety founded at Tetbury before 1930.
|Nurse’s Kernel (synonym for Captain Kernel)|
A sharp cider variety. There are a number of `Tankard’ apples. This one is believed to be unique to Gloucestershire.
Cider apple. Assumed to come from Over near Gloucester. Found growing at Minsterworth.
Named in contrast to the `underleaf’ varieties. A cider variety only known from the Minsterworth and Westbury-on-Severn area.
General purpose. Found growing in Tirley but may have originated at Overton above Maisemore.
General purpose. Found growing in the Apperley area and nearer Gloucester in the past.
A curiously named general purpose variety from Oldbury-on-Severn.
A cider variety first recorded in the early 1900s. Found growing near Oldbury-on-Severn.
|Peggy Red (synonym for Dymock Red)|
|Peggy’s Apple (synonym for Dymock Red)|
A general purpose variety found at Minsterworth. Phelps is a common name in farming circles in Gloucestershire.
|Port Wine Kernel (synonym for Port
|Port Wine Pippin
A beautiful general purpose variety found at Chaxhill.
A local general purpose variety from the Arlingham peninsula. Previously thought to be extinct.
A dessert variety. There is much confusion over apples of this name, but this variety is believed to be unique to Gloucestershire.
A dessert variety which is assumed to have originated at the village of its name.
A cider variety believed to be from Gloucestershire from the evidence of its name.
|Red Two Year Old
A general purpose variety similar to the Green Two Year Old except for its colour. A very long keeper.
A general purpose apple which cooks well. Is best known for cider production.
|Reynolds’ Crab (synonym for Reynold’s Kernel)|
A dessert apple similar to a Cox.
A cider variety from Dymock.
A culinary variety from Churchdown
|Samling von Ashmead (synonym for Ashmead’s Kernel)|
|Semis de Aschmead (synonym for Ashmead’s Kernel)|
|Seven Square (synonym for Parlour Door)|
An old and well known early general purpose variety.
|Seyanets Ashmida (synonym for Ashmead’s Kernel)|
A cider variety from Shepperdine.
A dessert variety from Dymock. Recorded in the early 1900s.
A dessert variety started at Siddington in 1923.
|Sophie Tuck (synonym for Sophie Turk)|
A general purpose variety from the hamlet of Stantway. It has never moved far from its home area.
|Stirom (synonym for Forest Styre)|
A general purpose variety of particular appeal to
children on account of its sweet taste and small size.
A general purpose variety from Taynton or Tibberton. Has spread outside its home area.
A general purpose variety still found growing to the
west of Tewkesbury.
General purpose. Sometimes produces `twin’ fruits with a single stem and 2 eyes. Found growing at Tirley.
An early dessert and cooking apple. There are a number of `Transparent Codlins’ This one appears to be unique to Gloucestershire.
A well known cider variety from the Gorsley district.
A cider variety believed to have originated in
A distinctively coloured variety from the south of the
A general purpose variety from the south of the Forest of Dean.
A dessert variety recorded in 1884.
|White Styre (synonym for Wick White Styre)|
|Wick White Styre
A well-known cider apple from the Vale of Berkeley
An old cider variety from North Gloucestershire