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Hartpury 2 Pear Varieties list

The national distribution of the specialised group of pears known as perry pears is very largely confined to the three counties of Gloucestershire, Herefordshire and Worcestershire. Most of the varieties originate from the parishes around May Hill on the border of Gloucestershire with Herefordshire and because of the difficulty in deciding which varieties are indigenous to the county, all known varieties from the three counties are included in Charles Martell's book on Perry Pears (available from our bookshop).

 Do treat this as archived information and not necessarily up-to-date.  The table links are to the old website and so will not function as the re-build progresses.

This list is also available in csv (click here) and xml (click here) formats. There are also two other pear lists from the old website - click the links below to go to these:

Hartpury 2

Arlingham Squash
Possibly the ancient Green Squash pear of Evelyn. The fruit is distinguished by the lump on the end of its stem. The variety was saved by the disovery of one old tree.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE52 July 2007
A 17th century variety whose perry was prescribed for its health-giving properties. A big tree like an oak. May have been started at Bosbury, Herefordshire.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE46 January 2007
Probably originated just south of Gloucester. Its fallen fruits may look like baby hedgehogs nestling in the grass hence its synonym. Edible.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE47 January 2007
Bartestree Squash
Described from the Herefordshire village of its name. It makes a large tall tree and is a good cropper.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE53 July 2007
Beetroot Wick Court Alex Pear Pyrus communis CPE5 December 2006
Pyrus communis CPE6 December 2006
Beetroot Wick Court Ella Pear Pyrus communis CPE7 December 2006
Pyrus communis CPE8 December 2006
Beetroot Wick Court Eric Pear Pyrus communis CPE9 December 2006
Pyrus communis CPE10 December 2006
Berllanderi Green
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis CPE114 January 2008
Pyrus communis CPE113 January 2008
Berllanderi Red
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis CPE112 January 2008
Pyrus communis CPE111 January 2008
Betty Prosser
A 'variety new to science' in 1995, found on a remote farm in Corse. Who was Betty Prosser?
Pear Pyrus communis CPE11 December 2006
Pyrus communis CPE12 December 2006
Blakeney Red
The most common perry pear which could also be stewed and used to dye soldiers' khaki uniforms.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE1 Unknown
Boy Pear
A variety mentioned in the previous survey of perry pears conducted in the 1960s. It was recently discovered growing in Ruardean.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE76 December 2007
Pyrus communis CPE77 December 2007
Similar to the Red Pear. Popular in the Forest of Dean in the 19th century. Makes a smallish tree.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE64 January 2007
Brown Bess
Originally a culinary pear so its large russetted fruits can also be used in the kitchen. Common in South Gloucestershire.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE13 December 2006
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis CPE110 January 2008
Pyrus communis CPE109 January 2008
Originated at Norton. The pear does not rot down easily so there is a saying 'Gather your Butts one year, mill them the next, and drink the year after.'
Pear Pyrus communis CPE48 January 2007
Pyrus communis CPE78 December 2007

Butter Pear
A very small pear from a small tree; as well as being used for perry making it is reputed to spread on bread like butter, hence its name.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE14 December 2006
A Forest of Dean variety whose name is probably derived from miners who migrated from Staffordshire to work in the Forest pits.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE54 July 2007
Pyrus communis March 2008
Chapman's Orange
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis CPE108 January 2008
Pyrus communis CPE107 January 2008
Christmas Pear
A poor quality general purpose variety from Newent.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE55 July 2007
A variety originally known from its inclusion in Long Ashton Research Station trial orchards between 1908 and 1918. Its origin is lost.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE22 July 2007
Pyrus communis CPE23 July 2007
A local variety from Hardwick, Gloucestershire where it still grows. A heavy cropping variety.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE15 December 2006
Described as rare in the 1950s, miraculously rediscovered growing in Dymock; it has a distinctive cone shaped 'stone' in the eye of the fruit.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE56 July 2007
Dead Boy
A very heavy cropping perry pear. Maybe it is named because of the inedible nature of the fruit or the strength of the perry. Known from Ross-on-Wye.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE57 July 2007
Very rare but once found scattered in orchards in the vicinity of Gloucester.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE16 December 2006
Early Blunt Red
Found at Tirley. Used to produce an early maturing perry ready for Christmas.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE17 December 2006
Early Griffin
A seedling selection by the Griffin family near Ross-on-Wye where graftwood was obtained to propagate this variety.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE18 December 2006
Pyrus communis CPE19 December 2006
Early St Brides
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis CPE106 January 2008
Pyrus communis CPE105 January 2008
Early Taynton Squash
There is uncertainty as to the 'true' Taynton Squash. Two distinct varieties are now recognised - the 'Early' and the 'Late'.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE70 July 2007
Flakey Bark
Found round Taynton and other isolated areas. The trees may be identified by the flaky off-white colour of the limbs. Beware the fruits which are intensely astringent.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE20 December 2006
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis CPE79 December 2007
Pyrus communis CPE80 December 2007
A favoured variety in old orchards around Newent; the tree branches have heavy, conspicuous spur systems.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE49 January 2007
Green Horse
From north and north west Gloucestershire. The fruits are apple-shaped and large. They can also be stewed or pickled.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE81 December 2007
Pyrus communis CPE21 December 2006
Green Olive
A very large general purpose variety from Ashleworth where it was recently discovered.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE82 December 2007

Green Olive
A very large general purpose variety from Ashleworth where it was recently discovered.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE83 December 2007
Green Roller
From the banks of the lower reaches of the River Severn around Westbury-on-Severn. The fruits are like miniature Conference pears.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE24 July 2007
Pyrus communis CPE25 July 2007
Gregg's Pit
Once very common in the vicinity of Much Marcle. Presumed to have originated at Gregg's Pit in that village, where a very large specimen still grows.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE26 December 2006
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis CPE104 January 2008
Pyrus communis CPE103 January 2008
Gwehelog Red
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis CPE102 January 2008
Pyrus communis CPE101 January 2008
Harley Gum
Known from Alvington, Gloucestershire. Its name may be a mis- pronounciation of its synonym Arlingham.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE27 December 2006
Hartpury Green
The only tree of this variety identified at the Three Counties Showground before the National collection was established was a specimen of this variety, under its synonym Chaceley Green.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE2 January 2003
Pyrus communis CPE3 January 2005
Hellen's Early
From the Hellens, Much Marcle. One tree still grows in the avenue there.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE58 July 2007
Hellen's Green
A lost variety which was re-discovered as a result of Herbert Durham's 1923 album coming to light. One of an avenue planted at the Hellens, Much Marcle in 1710 to commemorate the coronation of Queen Anne.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE59 July 2007
Hendre Huffcap
A valued variety with excellent orchard and perry making qualities. It is very prone to the disease silver leaf.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE60 July 2007
High Pear
Known from Kempley. Its name is confusing. It makes a small tree and perhaps it was originally the Eye pear.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE28 December 2006
Holme Lacy Pear
Surviving rooted branches of the tree are growing near the village church at Holme Lacy. The original tree was recorded as covering three-quarters of an acre in 1790 and producing 5-7 tons of fruit annually!
Pear Pyrus communis CPE84 December 2007
Pyrus communis CPE85 December 2007
Named after the parish of Holmer; Herefordshire. Not a heavy cropping variety.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE29 December 2006
From Teddington, although a perry variety, its fruit is sweet and refreshing enough to eat during the corn harvest.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE86 December 2007
Pyrus communis CPE87 December 2007
Jenkin's Red
The bark is divided into characteristic short segments; this is the only Huffcap-type fruit with a prominent flush.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE88 December 2007
Pyrus communis CPE30 December 2006
Judge Amphlett
Named after a famous Worcestershire assize courts judge, this is a heavy cropping, early harvesting variety.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE31 December 2006
Late Taynton Squash
Collected from Taynton in the late 1900s. It is uncertain whether this or the Early Taynton Squash is the true 'Taynton Squash'.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE40 December 2006
Littlecross Huffcap
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis CPE100 January 2008

Littlecross Huffcap
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis CPE99 January 2008
A curiously named and little known variety from Witcombe, just below the Cotswold scarp.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE32 December 2006
Known from Huntley. A small tree with large attractive fruits of little value for cooking or perry making.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE33 December 2006
A variety found on the eastern fringe of the Forest of Dean, producing sweet tasting fruits.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE61 July 2007
A widespread variety from Moorcroft Farm, Colwall. Invariably known as `Malvern Hills' east of the Severn. A fine vintage variety. Grows into a fine oak-like tree.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE50 January 2007
Known from Gorsley. So named because it is difficult to shake the fruit from the tree and it may stay there till the new year.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE115 January 2008
New Meadow
A russet pear with a scented flower - unusual in perry pear trees. Once common in the Ledbury area. Found in north Gloucestershire.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE35 December 2006
Pyrus communis CPE89 December 2007
A Worcestershire variety known from Berrow. The flower buds may be pink or red. The large flowers make for a striking tree in springtime.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE34 December 2006
Originated at Oldfield, Leddington Gloucestershire. A smallish tree much prone to disease. Makes a high quality perry.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE51 January 2007
Painted Lady
A beautiful pear appropriately named. May also be eaten.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE62 July 2007
Known from Kempley. A large spreading tree. The earliest perry pear tree to start growing in the spring.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE63 July 2007
Originally known from Herefordshire. A small tree with small pears. Its name gets confused with Pint.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE65 July 2007
Known from Longhope but widespread. A large tree with large poorish quality pears. The distinctive leaves have a wavy edge.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE36 December 2006
Potato Pear
From Ruardean and known down in Monmouthshire. So named because it looks like a potato.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE4 March 2006
Red Longdon
A very old variety once widespread and still represented by a few scattered trees. Prone to canker. Known from Huntley.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE37 December 2006
Pyrus communis CPE66 July 2007
Red Pear
Known for at least 400 years. Probably a Herefordshire variety. The tree may be of various shapes. A vintage quality variety.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE67 July 2007
Believed to have originated early in the 19th century at Pendock. Famous for quality highly alcoholic perry. The branches are wavy and horizontal.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE68 July 2007
Snake Pole
Recorded in the late 1950s at Oxenton. Rediscovered growing there in 2001.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE90 December 2007
Pyrus communis CPE91 December 2007
Speart Pear
A very old variety from Arlingham where there are a number of fields called `The Spearts'.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE92 December 2007
Pyrus communis CPE93 December 2007
Staunton Squash
This variety is believed to have originated at Staunton, north Gloucestershire.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE69 July 2007
Stony Way
Mentioned in 1886 and recorded by Durham in 1923. Re-discovered in 2001 by reference to Durham's newly re-discovered photograph album.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE116 January 2008

Strawberry Pear
Primarily a dessert pear from the Gloucester area.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE38 December 2006
Pyrus communis CPE39 December 2006
Teddington Green
A relatively `new' variety which originated at Teddington Manor, Teddington, Gloucestershire.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE41 December 2006
A very old good quality perry variety. Also culinary and dessert.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE71 July 2007
Thurston's Red
Started at the White House in the middle of Dymock, possibly by William Thurston. It looks like an ash tree and its bark is divided into little square segments.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE42 December 2006
Known from Huntley, Gloucestershire. An early maturing perry pear, its fruits are quite small.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE43 December 2006
Pyrus communis CPE44 December 2006
Turner's Barn
Known from Newent. It was particularly favoured because its upright branches were out of the way of browsing cattle. The fruit has long stalks.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE72 July 2007
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis CPE94 December 2007
Pyrus communis CPE95 December 2007
Water Lugg
Identified as the result of the re-discovery of Herbert Durham's 1923 photograph album. One tree forms part of an avenue of pears planted at the Hellens, Much Marcle in 1710.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE73 July 2007
Welsh Gin
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis CPE98 January 2008
White Bache
Known from Kempley. Produces vintage quality perry but is a light cropper.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE96 December 2007
Pyrus communis CPE97 December 2007
White Longdon
Known from Oxenton. Rejoices under a wonderful variety of synonyms. Produces a good to excellent perry.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE74 July 2007
Winnal's Longdon
Raised by Mr Winnal at Weston-under-Penyard about 1790. To be found between Ross and Tewkesbury.
Pear Pyrus communis CPE45 December 2006
Yellow Huffcap
A large tree, known from Westbury-on-Severn. A heavy cropper producing an excellent quality perry. Widely planted over several hundred years, hence some seven or more synonyms. This pear is noted for the strength and quality of its perry, however fruit...
Pear Pyrus communis CPE75 July 2007