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Hartpury 1 Pear Varieties list

The national distribution of the specialised group of pears known as perry pears is very largely confined to the three counties of Gloucestershire, Herefordshire and Worcestershire. Most of the varieties originate from the parishes around May Hill on the border of Gloucestershire with Herefordshire and because of the difficulty in deciding which varieties are indigenous to the county, all known varieties from the three counties are included in Charles Martell's book on Perry Pears (available from our bookshop).

 Do treat this as archived information and not necessarily up-to-date.  The table links are to the old website and so will not function as the re-build progresses.

This list is also available in csv (click here) and xml (click here) formats. There are also two other pear lists from the old website - click the links below to go to these:

Hartpury 1

Arlingham Squash
Possibly the ancient Green Squash pear of Evelyn. The fruit is distinguished by the lump on the end of its stem. The variety was saved by the disovery of one old tree.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE43 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE44 January 2003
A 17th century variety whose perry was prescribed for its health-giving properties. A big tree like an oak. May have been started at Bosbury, Herefordshire.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE3 December 2000
Probably originated just south of Gloucester. Its fallen fruits may look like baby hedgehogs nestling in the grass hence its synonym. Edible.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE5 December 2000
Pyrus communis PPE80 December 2003
Bartestree Squash
Described from the Herefordshire village of its name. It makes a large tall tree and is a good cropper.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE40 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE41 January 2003
Berllanderi Green
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis PPE104 November 2005
Berllanderi Red
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis PPE91 December 2004
Betty Prosser
A 'variety new to science' in 1995, found on a remote farm in Corse. Who was Betty Prosser?
Pear Pyrus communis PPE24 November 2001
Blakeney Red
The most common perry pear which could also be stewed and used to dye soldiers' khaki uniforms.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE25 November 2001
Pyrus communis PPE122 January 2007
Pyrus communis PPE123 January 2007
Boy Pear
A variety mentioned in the previous survey of perry pears conducted in the 1960s. It was recently discovered growing in Ruardean.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE133 December 2007
Similar to the Red Pear. Popular in the Forest of Dean in the 19th century. Makes a smallish tree.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE4 December 2000
Brown Bess
Originally a culinary pear so its large russetted fruits can also be used in the kitchen. Common in South Gloucestershire.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE26 November 2001
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis PPE105 November 2005
Originated at Norton. The pear does not rot down easily so there is a saying 'Gather your Butts one year, mill them the next, and drink the year after.'
Pear Pyrus communis PPE12 November 2000
Butter Pear
A very small pear from a small tree; as well as being used for perry making it is reputed to spread on bread like butter, hence its name.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE81 December 2003
A Forest of Dean variety whose name is probably derived from miners who migrated from Staffordshire to work in the Forest pits.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE94 January 2005
Pyrus communis PPE95 January 2005
Christmas Pear
A poor quality general purpose variety from Newent.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE96 January 2005
Pyrus communis PPE113 March 2006
Primarily a dessert variety. Introduced near Westbury-on-Severn in 1920
Pear Pyrus communis PPE126 March 2007
A variety originally known from its inclusion in Long Ashton Research Station trial orchards between 1908 and 1918. Its origin is lost.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE45 January 2003

A variety originally known from its inclusion in Long Ashton Research Station trial orchards between 1908 and 1918. Its origin is lost.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE46 January 2003
A local variety from Hardwick, Gloucestershire where it still grows. A heavy cropping variety.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE83 December 2003
One of the 'Huffcap' group, all of which have elliptical fruits; Coppy is distinguishable by its tree characteristics and variable cropping. The specimen in the NCCPG has recently found not to be true.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE114 March 2006
Described as rare in the 1950s, miraculously rediscovered growing in Dymock; it has a distinctive cone shaped 'stone' in the eye of the fruit.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE47 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE48 January 2003
Cygnet Pear Pyrus communis PPE127 March 2007
Dead Boy
A very heavy cropping perry pear. Maybe it is named because of the inedible nature of the fruit or the strength of the perry. Known from Ross-on-Wye.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE49 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE42 January 2003
Very rare but once found scattered in orchards in the vicinity of Gloucester.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE84 December 2003
Early Blunt Red
Found at Tirley. Used to produce an early maturing perry ready for Christmas.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE85 December 2003
Early Griffin
A seedling selection by the Griffin family near Ross-on-Wye where graftwood was obtained to propagate this variety.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE86 December 2003
Early St Brides
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis PPE134 January 2008
Early Taynton Squash
There is uncertainty as to the 'true' Taynton Squash. Two distinct varieties are now recognised - the 'Early' and the 'Late'.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE74 December 2003
Flakey Bark
Found round Taynton and other isolated areas. The trees may be identified by the flaky off-white colour of the limbs. Beware the fruits which are intensely astringent.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE97 January 2005
Pyrus communis PPE87 December 2003
Ford's Green Huffcap
Located at Taynton following the re-discovery of Herbert Durham's 1923 photograph album.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE129 March 2007
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis PPE135 December 2007
Green Horse
From north and north west Gloucestershire. The fruits are apple-shaped and large. They can also be stewed or pickled.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE6 December 2000
Green Olive
A very large general purpose variety from Ashleworth where it was recently discovered.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE115 January 2007
Green Roller
From the banks of the lower reaches of the River Severn around Westbury-on-Severn. The fruits are like miniature Conference pears.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE98 January 2005
Pyrus communis PPE128 March 2007
Gregg's Pit
Once very common in the vicinity of Much Marcle. Presumed to have originated at Gregg's Pit in that village, where a very large specimen still grows.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE88 December 2003
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis PPE92 December 2004
Harley Gum
Known from Alvington, Gloucestershire. Its name may be a mis- pronounciation of its synonym Arlingham.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE89 December 2003
Hartpury Green
The only tree of this variety identified at the Three Counties Showground before the National collection was established was a specimen of this variety, under its synonym Chaceley Green.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE1 November 1999

Hartpury Green
The only tree of this variety identified at the Three Counties Showground before the National collection was established was a specimen of this variety, under its synonym Chaceley Green.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE13 November 2000
Pyrus communis PPE56 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE57 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE58 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE59 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE60 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE61 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE62 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE63 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE64 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE65 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE66 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE67 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE68 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE100 January 2005
Hellen's Early
From the Hellens, Much Marcle. One tree still grows in the avenue there.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE23 December 2001
Hellen's Green
A lost variety which was re-discovered as a result of Herbert Durham's 1923 album coming to light. One of an avenue planted at the Hellens, Much Marcle in 1710 to commemorate the coronation of Queen Anne.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE111 March 2006
Hendre Huffcap
A valued variety with excellent orchard and perry making qualities. It is very prone to the disease silver leaf.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE27 November 2001
High Pear
Known from Kempley. Its name is confusing. It makes a small tree and perhaps it was originally the Eye pear.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE78 December 2003
Holme Lacy Pear
Surviving rooted branches of the tree are growing near the village church at Holme Lacy. The original tree was recorded as covering three-quarters of an acre in 1790 and producing 5-7 tons of fruit annually!
Pear Pyrus communis PPE11 October 2000
Named after the parish of Holmer; Herefordshire. Not a heavy cropping variety.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE28 November 2001
From Teddington, although a perry variety, its fruit is sweet and refreshing enough to eat during the corn harvest.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE130 March 2007
Jenkin's Red
The bark is divided into characteristic short segments; this is the only Huffcap-type fruit with a prominent flush.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE90 December 2003
Judge Amphlett
Named after a famous Worcestershire assize courts judge, this is a heavy cropping, early harvesting variety.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE20 December 2001
A local west Gloucestershire variety known fron Oxenhall and Kempley. Was used for making perry ready for Christmas.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE79 December 2003


Late Taynton Squash
Collected from Taynton in the late 1900s. It is uncertain whether this or the Early Taynton Squash is the true 'Taynton Squash'.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE7 December 2000
Pyrus communis PPE75 December 2003
A curiously named and little known variety from Witcombe, just below the Cotswold scarp.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE29 November 2001
Known from Huntley. A small tree with large attractive fruits of little value for cooking or perry making.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE69 December 2003
A variety found on the eastern fringe of the Forest of Dean, producing sweet tasting fruits.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE110 March 2006
A widespread variety from Moorcroft Farm, Colwall. Invariably known as `Malvern Hills' east of the Severn. A fine vintage variety. Grows into a fine oak-like tree.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE30 November 2001
Known from Gorsley. So named because it is difficult to shake the fruit from the tree and it may stay there till the new year.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE70 December 2003
New Meadow
A russet pear with a scented flower - unusual in perry pear trees. Once common in the Ledbury area. Found in north Gloucestershire.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE72 December 2003
A Worcestershire variety known from Berrow. The flower buds may be pink or red. The large flowers make for a striking tree in springtime.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE71 December 2003
Originated at Oldfield, Leddington Gloucestershire. A smallish tree much prone to disease. Makes a high quality perry.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE14 November 2000
Painted Lady
A beautiful pear appropriately named. May also be eaten.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE33 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE34 January 2003
Known from Kempley. A large spreading tree. The earliest perry pear tree to start growing in the spring.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE21 December 2001
Penny Pear
A dessert pear which would have inevitably been used as a perry cask filler. From Ocle Street.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE59 January 2005
Pyrus communis PPE109 March 2006
Originally known from Herefordshire. A small tree with small pears. Its name gets confused with Pint.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE35 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE50 January 2003
Known from Longhope but widespread. A large tree with large poorish quality pears. The distinctive leaves have a wavy edge.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE51 January 2003
Potato Pear
From Ruardean and known down in Monmouthshire. So named because it looks like a potato.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE36 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE37 January 2003
Red Longdon
A very old variety once widespread and still represented by a few scattered trees. Prone to canker. Known from Huntley.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE82 December 2003
Pyrus communis PPE73 December 2003
Red Pear
Known for at least 400 years. Probably a Herefordshire variety. The tree may be of various shapes. A vintage quality variety.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE9 December 2000
Believed to have originated early in the 19th century at Pendock. Famous for quality highly alcoholic perry. The branches are wavy and horizontal.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE15 November 2000
A very old variety, once widely planted in the vicinity of Newent particularly in Gorsley. May be confused with Turners Barn, but its fruit falls earlier.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE38 January 2003

A very old variety, once widely planted in the vicinity of Newent particularly in Gorsley. May be confused with Turners Barn, but its fruit falls earlier.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE39 January 2003
Snake Pole
Recorded in the late 1950s at Oxenton. Rediscovered growing there in 2001.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE112 March 2006
Speart Pear
A very old variety from Arlingham where there are a number of fields called `The Spearts'.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE132 December 2007
Staunton Squash
This variety is believed to have originated at Staunton, north Gloucestershire.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE2 November 2000
Pyrus communis PPE31 November 2001
Pyrus communis PPE32 November 2001
Pyrus communis PPE52 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE53 January 2003
Stony Way
Mentioned in 1886 and recorded by Durham in 1923. Re-discovered in 2001 by reference to Durham's newly re-discovered photograph album.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE108 March 2006
Strawberry Pear
Primarily a dessert pear from the Gloucester area.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE107 March 2006
Teddington Green
A relatively `new' variety which originated at Teddington Manor, Teddington, Gloucestershire.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE76 December 2003
Tettenhall Dick
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis PPE101 January 2005
Pyrus communis PPE102 January 2005
A very old good quality perry variety. Also culinary and dessert.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE16 November 2000
Pyrus communis PPE124 January 2007
Pyrus communis PPE125 January 2007
Thurston's Red
Started at the White House in the middle of Dymock, possibly by William Thurston. It looks like an ash tree and its bark is divided into little square segments.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE77 December 2003
Turner's Barn
Known from Newent. It was particularly favoured because its upright branches were out of the way of browsing cattle. The fruit has long stalks.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE17 November 2000
(Not a Gloucestershire variety)
Pear Pyrus communis PPE136 December 2007
Water Lugg
Identified as the result of the re-discovery of Herbert Durham's 1923 photograph album. One tree forms part of an avenue of pears planted at the Hellens, Much Marcle in 1710.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE106 March 2006
White Bache
Known from Kempley. Produces vintage quality perry but is a light cropper.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE131 March 2007
White Longdon
Known from Oxenton. Rejoices under a wonderful variety of synonyms. Produces a good to excellent perry.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE54 January 2003
Pyrus communis PPE55 January 2003
Winnal's Longdon
Raised by Mr Winnal at Weston-under-Penyard about 1790. To be found between Ross and Tewkesbury.
Pear Pyrus communis PPE22 December 2001
Yellow Huffcap
A large tree, known from Westbury-on-Severn. A heavy cropper producing an excellent quality perry. Widely planted over several hundred years, hence some seven or more synonyms. This pear is noted for the strength and quality of its perry, however fruit...
Pear Pyrus communis PPE8 December 2000