Please note: This is archived information from our old website. It is not optimised for tablets or phones.

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National Perry Pear Collection Varieties list

The national distribution of the specialised group of pears known as perry pears is very largely confined to the three counties of Gloucestershire, Herefordshire and Worcestershire. Most of the varieties originate from the parishes around May Hill on the border of Gloucestershire with Herefordshire and because of the difficulty in deciding which varieties are indigenous to the county, all known varieties from the three counties are included in Charles Martell's book on Perry Pears (available from our bookshop).

 Do treat this as archived information and not necessarily up-to-date.  The table links are to the old website and so will not function as the re-build progresses.

This list is also available in csv (click here) and xml (click here) formats. There are also two other pear lists from the old website - click the links below to go to these:

Status codes

See also: list of pears in the Hartpury collection 1, list of pears in the Hartpury collection 2, National Collection of Perry Pears

National Collection of Perry Pears


NAME TYPE SPECIES REFERENCE DATE ADDED
Arlingham Squash
Possibly the ancient Green Squash pear of Evelyn. The fruit is distinguished by the lump on the end of its stem. The variety was saved by the disovery of one old tree.
Pear Pyrus communis M114 March 1995
Pyrus communis M119 March 1995
Barland
A 17th century variety whose perry was prescribed for its health-giving properties. A big tree like an oak. May have been started at Bosbury, Herefordshire.
Pear Pyrus communis M53 March 1993
Pyrus communis M55 March 1993
Barnet
Probably originated just south of Gloucester. Its fallen fruits may look like baby hedgehogs nestling in the grass hence its synonym. Edible.
Pear Pyrus communis M4 March 1994
Pyrus communis M21 March 1994
Pyrus communis M28 March 1994
Bartestree Squash
Described from the Herefordshire village of its name. It makes a large tall tree and is a good cropper.
Pear Pyrus communis M106 March 1995
Pyrus communis M145 March 1995
Blakeney Red
The most common perry pear which could also be stewed and used to dye soldiers' khaki uniforms.
Pear Pyrus communis M6 March 1994
Pyrus communis M23 March 1994
Pyrus communis M64 March 1994
Boy Pear
A variety mentioned in the previous survey of perry pears conducted in the 1960s. It was recently discovered growing in Ruardean.
Pear Pyrus communis M97 Unknown
Pyrus communis M99 Unknown
Pyrus communis M104 Unknown
Brandy
Similar to the Red Pear. Popular in the Forest of Dean in the 19th century. Makes a smallish tree.
Pear Pyrus communis M19 March 1994
Pyrus communis M27 March 1994
Pyrus communis M40 March 1994
Brown Bess
Originally a culinary pear so its large russetted fruits can also be used in the kitchen. Common in South Gloucestershire.
Pear Pyrus communis M48 November 1993
Pyrus communis M80 November 1993
Butt
Originated at Norton. The pear does not rot down easily so there is a saying 'Gather your Butts one year, mill them the next, and drink the year after.'
Pear Pyrus communis M12 March 1994
Pyrus communis M56 March 1994
Butter Pear
A very small pear from a small tree; as well as being used for perry making it is reputed to spread on bread like butter, hence its name.
Pear Pyrus communis M126 Unknown
Christmas Pear
A poor quality general purpose variety from Newent.
Pear Pyrus communis M37 Unknown
Pyrus communis M86 Unknown


NAME TYPE SPECIES REFERENCE DATE ADDED
Claret
A variety originally known from its inclusion in Long Ashton Research Station trial orchards between 1908 and 1918. Its origin is lost.
Pear Pyrus communis M47 November 1993
Pyrus communis M113 March 1995
Clusters
A local variety from Hardwick, Gloucestershire where it still grows. A heavy cropping variety.
Pear Pyrus communis M110 March 1995
Cowslip
Described as rare in the 1950s, miraculously rediscovered growing in Dymock; it has a distinctive cone shaped 'stone' in the eye of the fruit.
Pear Pyrus communis M111 March 1995
Cygnet Pear Pyrus communis M67 Unknown
Dead Boy
A very heavy cropping perry pear. Maybe it is named because of the inedible nature of the fruit or the strength of the perry. Known from Ross-on-Wye.
Pear Pyrus communis M105 March 1995
Pyrus communis M147 March 1995
Ducksbarn
Very rare but once found scattered in orchards in the vicinity of Gloucester.
Pear Pyrus communis M95 March 1995
Early Blunt Red
Found at Tirley. Used to produce an early maturing perry ready for Christmas.
Pear Pyrus communis M122 March 1995
Early Griffin
A seedling selection by the Griffin family near Ross-on-Wye where graftwood was obtained to propagate this variety.
Pear Pyrus communis M96 March 1995
Pyrus communis M112 March 1995
Early Taynton Squash
There is uncertainty as to the 'true' Taynton Squash. Two distinct varieties are now recognised - the 'Early' and the 'Late'.
Pear Pyrus communis M33 March 1994
Pyrus communis M43 March 1994
Flakey Bark
Found round Taynton and other isolated areas. The trees may be identified by the flaky off-white colour of the limbs. Beware the fruits which are intensely astringent.
Pear Pyrus communis M123 March 1995
Ford's Green Huffcap
Located at Taynton following the re-discovery of Herbert Durham's 1923 photograph album.
Pear Pyrus communis M82 Unknown
Gin
A favoured variety in old orchards around Newent; the tree branches have heavy, conspicuous spur systems.
Pear Pyrus communis M8 March 1994
Pyrus communis M38 March 1994
Pyrus communis M73 March 1994
Green Horse
From north and north west Gloucestershire. The fruits are apple-shaped and large. They can also be stewed or pickled.
Pear Pyrus communis M10 March 1994
Pyrus communis M18 March 1994
Pyrus communis M31 March 1994
Green Roller
From the banks of the lower reaches of the River Severn around Westbury-on-Severn. The fruits are like miniature Conference pears.
Pear Pyrus communis M85 Unknown
Gregg's Pit
Once very common in the vicinity of Much Marcle. Presumed to have originated at Gregg's Pit in that village, where a very large specimen still grows.
Pear Pyrus communis M70 November 1993
Pyrus communis M117 March 1995
Harley Gum
Known from Alvington, Gloucestershire. Its name may be a mis- pronounciation of its synonym Arlingham.
Pear Pyrus communis M76 November 1993

NAME TYPE SPECIES REFERENCE DATE ADDED
Harley Gum
Known from Alvington, Gloucestershire. Its name may be a mis- pronounciation of its synonym Arlingham.
Pear Pyrus communis M121 March 1995
Hartpury Green
The only tree of this variety identified at the Three Counties Showground before the National collection was established was a specimen of this variety, under its synonym Chaceley Green.
Pear Pyrus communis M51 November 1993
Pyrus communis M132 March 1995
Hellen's Early
From the Hellens, Much Marcle. One tree still grows in the avenue there.
Pear Pyrus communis M9 March 1994
Pyrus communis M20 March 1994
Pyrus communis M65 March 1994
Hellen's Green
A lost variety which was re-discovered as a result of Herbert Durham's 1923 album coming to light. One of an avenue planted at the Hellens, Much Marcle in 1710 to commemorate the coronation of Queen Anne.
Pear Pyrus communis M87 Unknown
Pyrus communis M89 Unknown
Pyrus communis M98 Unknown
Hendre Huffcap
A valued variety with excellent orchard and perry making qualities. It is very prone to the disease silver leaf.
Pear Pyrus communis M41 March 1994
Pyrus communis M72 March 1994
High Pear
Known from Kempley. Its name is confusing. It makes a small tree and perhaps it was originally the Eye pear.
Pear Pyrus communis M94 March 1995
Pyrus communis M115 March 1995
Holme Lacy Pear
Surviving rooted branches of the tree are growing near the village church at Holme Lacy. The original tree was recorded as covering three-quarters of an acre in 1790 and producing 5-7 tons of fruit annually!
Pear Pyrus communis M59 March 1994
Holmer
Named after the parish of Holmer; Herefordshire. Not a heavy cropping variety.
Pear Pyrus communis M148 March 1995
Honeydew
From Teddington, although a perry variety, its fruit is sweet and refreshing enough to eat during the corn harvest.
Pear Pyrus communis M60 March 1994
Jenkin's Red
The bark is divided into characteristic short segments; this is the only Huffcap-type fruit with a prominent flush.
Pear Pyrus communis M133 March 1995
Pyrus communis M144 March 1995
Judge Amphlett
Named after a famous Worcestershire assize courts judge, this is a heavy cropping, early harvesting variety.
Pear Pyrus communis M16 March 1994
Knapper
A local west Gloucestershire variety known fron Oxenhall and Kempley. Was used for making perry ready for Christmas.
Pear Pyrus communis M50 November 1993
Pyrus communis M69 November 1993
Late Taynton Squash
Collected from Taynton in the late 1900s. It is uncertain whether this or the Early Taynton Squash is the true 'Taynton Squash'.
Pear Pyrus communis M57 November 1993
Pyrus communis M81 November 1993
Lullam
A curiously named and little known variety from Witcombe, just below the Cotswold scarp.
Pear Pyrus communis M15 March 1994
Pyrus communis M25 March 1994

NAME TYPE SPECIES REFERENCE DATE ADDED
Lumber
Known from Huntley. A small tree with large attractive fruits of little value for cooking or perry making.
Pear Pyrus communis M140 March 1995
Merrylegs
A variety found on the eastern fringe of the Forest of Dean, producing sweet tasting fruits.
Pear Pyrus communis M129 March 1995
Pyrus communis M141 March 1995
Moorcroft
A widespread variety from Moorcroft Farm, Colwall. Invariably known as `Malvern Hills' east of the Severn. A fine vintage variety. Grows into a fine oak-like tree.
Pear Pyrus communis M1 November 1992
Nailer
Known from Gorsley. So named because it is difficult to shake the fruit from the tree and it may stay there till the new year.
Pear Pyrus communis M136 March 1995
New Meadow
A russet pear with a scented flower - unusual in perry pear trees. Once common in the Ledbury area. Found in north Gloucestershire.
Pear Pyrus communis M46 November 1993
Pyrus communis M75 Unknown
Newbridge
A Worcestershire variety known from Berrow. The flower buds may be pink or red. The large flowers make for a striking tree in springtime.
Pear Pyrus communis M120 March 1995
Pyrus communis M137 March 1995
Oldfield
Originated at Oldfield, Leddington Gloucestershire. A smallish tree much prone to disease. Makes a high quality perry.
Pear Pyrus communis M14 March 1994
Pyrus communis M35 March 1994
Pyrus communis M74 March 1994
Painted Lady
A beautiful pear appropriately named. May also be eaten.
Pear Pyrus communis M107 March 1995
Pyrus communis M135 March 1995
Parsonage
Known from Kempley. A large spreading tree. The earliest perry pear tree to start growing in the spring.
Pear Pyrus communis M11 March 1994
Pyrus communis M17 March 1994
Pyrus communis M26 March 1994
Pine
Originally known from Herefordshire. A small tree with small pears. Its name gets confused with Pint.
Pear Pyrus communis M139 March 1995
Pint
Known from Longhope but widespread. A large tree with large poorish quality pears. The distinctive leaves have a wavy edge.
Pear Pyrus communis M91 March 1995
Pyrus communis M142 March 1995
Potato Pear
From Ruardean and known down in Monmouthshire. So named because it looks like a potato.
Pear Pyrus communis M22 Unknown
Red Longdon
A very old variety once widespread and still represented by a few scattered trees. Prone to canker. Known from Huntley.
Pear Pyrus communis M62 March 1994
Pyrus communis M109 March 1995
Red Pear
Known for at least 400 years. Probably a Herefordshire variety. The tree may be of various shapes. A vintage quality variety.
Pear Pyrus communis M13 March 1994
Pyrus communis M24 March 1994

NAME TYPE SPECIES REFERENCE DATE ADDED
Red Pear
Known for at least 400 years. Probably a Herefordshire variety. The tree may be of various shapes. A vintage quality variety.
Pear Pyrus communis M34 March 1994
Rock
Believed to have originated early in the 19th century at Pendock. Famous for quality highly alcoholic perry. The branches are wavy and horizontal.
Pear Pyrus communis M39 November 1993
Pyrus communis M93 March 1995
Sack
A very old variety, once widely planted in the vicinity of Newent particularly in Gorsley. May be confused with Turners Barn, but its fruit falls earlier.
Pear Pyrus communis M42 November 1993
Pyrus communis M130 March 1995
Snake Pole
Recorded in the late 1950s at Oxenton. Rediscovered growing there in 2001.
Pear Pyrus communis M68 Unknown
Pyrus communis M88 Unknown
Staunton Squash
This variety is believed to have originated at Staunton, north Gloucestershire.
Pear Pyrus communis M3 November 1992
Pyrus communis M66 March 1994
Pyrus communis M134 March 1995
Stony Way
Mentioned in 1886 and recorded by Durham in 1923. Re-discovered in 2001 by reference to Durham's newly re-discovered photograph album.
Pear Pyrus communis M78 Unknown
Pyrus communis M79 Unknown
Teddington Green
A relatively `new' variety which originated at Teddington Manor, Teddington, Gloucestershire.
Pear Pyrus communis M61 March 1994
Pyrus communis M146 March 1995
Thorn
A very old good quality perry variety. Also culinary and dessert.
Pear Pyrus communis M5 March 1994
Pyrus communis M63 March 1994
Tumper
Known from Huntley, Gloucestershire. An early maturing perry pear, its fruits are quite small.
Pear Pyrus communis M36 November 1993
Pyrus communis M52 November 1993
Turner's Barn
Known from Newent. It was particularly favoured because its upright branches were out of the way of browsing cattle. The fruit has long stalks.
Pear Pyrus communis M77 November 1993
Pyrus communis M131 March 1995
Water Lugg
Identified as the result of the re-discovery of Herbert Durham's 1923 photograph album. One tree forms part of an avenue of pears planted at the Hellens, Much Marcle in 1710.
Pear Pyrus communis M58 Unknown
Pyrus communis M90 Unknown
White Bache
Known from Kempley. Produces vintage quality perry but is a light cropper.
Pear Pyrus communis M45 November 1993
Pyrus communis M49 November 1993
White Longdon
Known from Oxenton. Rejoices under a wonderful variety of synonyms. Produces a good to excellent perry.
Pear Pyrus communis M118 March 1995

NAME TYPE SPECIES REFERENCE DATE ADDED
White Longdon
Known from Oxenton. Rejoices under a wonderful variety of synonyms. Produces a good to excellent perry.
Pear Pyrus communis M138 March 1995
Winnal's Longdon
Raised by Mr Winnal at Weston-under-Penyard about 1790. To be found between Ross and Tewkesbury.
Pear Pyrus communis M29 March 1994
Pyrus communis M71 March 1994
Yellow Huffcap
A large tree, known from Westbury-on-Severn. A heavy cropper producing an excellent quality perry. Widely planted over several hundred years, hence some seven or more synonyms. This pear is noted for the strength and quality of its perry, however fruit...
Pear Pyrus communis M2 November 1992